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Title: Вплив виду вигодовування на макро – та мікроелементний профіль дітей раннього віку
Other Titles: Influenceof the FeedingTypeon theMacro-andMicroelementalProfileof Infants
Authors: Охапкина, Ольга Владимировна
Амаш, Анастасия Григорьевна
Охапкіна, Ольга Володимирівна
Амаш, Анастасія Григор'євна
Okhapkina, Olga
Amash, Anastasiya
Keywords: діти
вид вигодовування
алергічні захворювання
нервово - психічний розвиток
feeding type
allergic diseases
nerve-psychic development
Issue Date: May-2016
Citation: Охапкіна О. В. Вплив виду вигодовування на макро –та мікроелементний профіль дітей раннього віку / О. В. Охапкіна, А. Г. Амаш // ScienceRise. – 2016. – Т. 4, № 3 (21). – С. 38–42.
Abstract: Аналіз мікроелементного профілю дітей першого року життя показав, що, незалежно від виду вигодовування, рівні стронцію, нікелю, брому та хлору знаходяться у референтних значеннях. У дітей, які знаходились на штучному та частково грудному вгодовуванні відмічається достовірне підвищення сірки та фосфору, відзначався дисбаланс Mg/Ca/P обміну.In the work are given the results of screening of the mineral status of conventionally healthy infants that constantly live in Kharkov city and are on the different types of feeding. Aim: to determine the macro and microelemental (ME) profile of children on the different types of feeding. Methods: There were examined 50 children 5 month old who are on the different feeding types. Children were complexly examined by the narrow specialists and divided into groups: breast-feeding (BF), partially breast feeding (PBF), artificial feeding (AF). The evaluation of mineral profile was carried out on the base of determination of ME content in hair by the method of mass-spectrometry on «ElvaХ» apparatus (2008 year of issue). Results: Analysis of the results demonstrated that the strontium, nickel, bromine and chlorine level in children on the different feeding types has not any reliable differences that can be considered as the norm variant and does not need correction. Profile of children on the other ME who receive the mixture in ration partially of completely was compared with profile of children on BF. In children on AF was noted the decrease of magnesium level (0,029%), increase of iron (0,884%), chromium (0,714%), sulfur (0,943%) and phosphorus (0,036%) indices р≤0,05; was noted the imbalance of К/Са ratio 0,487 – 1,945%. In children on PBF was registered the decrease of sodium level (0,019%) р˂0,05. Was noted the increase of Zn (0,905%), chromium (0,72%), sulfur (0,901%) and phosphorus (0,039%) р≤0,05. Potassium-calcium imbalance is less abrupt comparing with the group of children on artificial feeding - 0,367-1,266%. There was observed the increase of chromium level in 40% of children on BF. Conclusions: There was established that children on partially breast and artificial feeding do not have the adequate macro/microelement balance and are in the risk group of formation of pathologies of the cardio-vascular and osteo-muscular systems, allergic diseases that needs the certain correction at the stage of preclinical manifestations.
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